AN ARTICLE is usually written for an English-language magazine or newsletter, and the reader is assumed to have similar interests to the writer.
The main purpose is to interest and engage the reader, so there should be some opinion or comment.
AN EMAIL/A LETTER is written in response to the situation outlined in the question. Letters and emails in the
Cambridge English: First
Writing paper will require a response which is consistently appropriate in register and tone for the specified target reader. Candidates can expect to be
asked to write letters or emails to, for example, an English-speaking friend or colleague, a potential employer, a college principal or a magazine
AN ESSAY is always written for the teacher. It should answer the question given by addressing both content points and providing a new content
point of the writer’s own. The essay should be well organised, with an introduction and an appropriate conclusion and should be written in an
appropriate register and tone.
A REPORT is usually written for a superior (e.g. a teacher) or a peer group (e.g. members of an English club). Candidates are expected to give
some factual information and make suggestions or recommendations. A report should be clearly organised and may include headings.
A REVIEW is usually written for an English-language magazine, newspaper or website. The main purpose is to describe and express a personal
opinion about something which the writer has experienced (e.g. a film, a holiday, a product, a website etc.) and to give the reader a clear
impression of what the item discussed is like. Description and explanation are key functions for this task, and a review will normally include a
recommendation to the reader.
For all task types, questions are constructed to enable candidates to display their English language proficiency at CEFR B2 level; candidates should
take special care to read every part of each question, and not to omit any required development of the topic.